growing demographics and growing poverty
In most cities in the twenty first century there has been a steady rise in population as one might expect unless they were involved in wars that reduced their population. Tehrans population is now suspected to be somewhere around ten to twelve million, making up around fifteen percent of Iran's total population.
there are estimates that about half of the people living in urban centers in Iran are under the poverty line according to Tehran University, and the United Nations Population Fund. The researchers found that the average poverty line for urban households with 3.7 members is 653,000 tomans (about $630) a month if normal goods are consumed. Tehran province had the highest poverty line, 813,000 tomans a month, while Qom province had the lowest with 523,000 tomans monthly. Using this gauge, 55 percent of the country's city dwellers are under the poverty line.
The average figure falls to 547,000 tomans a month if cheaper substitutes, for example chicken instead of red meat, are used. In this scenario, 44.5 percent of urban households live under the poverty line. (HOMYLAFAYETTE,Iran's Cities a Sea of Poverty)
President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad's governments, over the course of his two terms, have consistently refused to provide proper statistics concerning poverty, although the 4th development plan that was passed into law by the Majles six years ago clearly requires that the Welfare Ministry regularly issue figures concerning the poverty line.